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1 edition of Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians found in the catalog.

Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians

Thomas M. Schuler

Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians

by Thomas M. Schuler

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  • 32 Currently reading

Published by United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, U.S. Forest Service, Publicaions Distribution [distributor in Newtown Square, PA, Delaware, OH .
Written in English


About the Edition

Pre- and post-treatment seed-bank characteristics of woody species were compared after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians. Nineteen woody species were identified from soil samples. Mean species richness declined but evenness did not after prescribed burning. The seed bank was dominated by black birch, yellow-poplar, blackberry, grapevine and Hercules club before burning. Following burning, the median density of seed bank propagules declined by 45 percent. Black birch, yellow-poplar, and grapevine declined by 69, 56, and 40 percent, respectively. The results illustrate the importance of the seed bank as a robust source of non-oak regeneration in mixed-oak forests and of the potential effect of fire altering it.

Edition Notes

StatementThomas M. Schuler ... [et al.].
SeriesResearch paper NRS -- 9, Research paper NRS -- 9.
ContributionsUnited States. Forest Service. Northern Research Station
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSD387.F52 S44 2010, SD11 .A455495 no.9
The Physical Object
Pagination9 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24491879M
LC Control Number2009526442
OCLC/WorldCa608377638

  To restore and manage fire-adapted forest communities in the central Appalachians, USA, land managers are now increasingly prioritizing use of prescribed fire. However, it is unclear how the reintroduction of fire following decades of suppression will affect bat communities, particularly where white-nose syndrome-related population declines of many cave-hibernating bat species have occurred. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, , 44(4): , An assessment of canopy stratification and tree species diversity following clearcutting in central Appalachian hardwoods. For. T.M., Thomas-Van Gundy, M.A., Adams, M.B., and Ford, W.M. Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the Central Appalachians. USDA Forest.

Central Appalachians forest ecosystem vulnerability assessment and synthesis: a report from the Central Appalachians Climate Change Response Framework project. Wiedenbeck, Janice K.; Schuler, Thomas M. Effects of prescribed fire on the wood quality and marketability of four hardwood species in the central Appalachian region.   An example of a living legacy is a seed bank. Just as you deposit money in a savings account for financial emergencies, so our Creator has designed plants to make deposits for future forest emergencies. Many seeds wait patiently on standby in the darkness of the soil. Banking the Forest Way.

Fire Regimes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains: that cover most of the forested uplands of the southern Appalachian Mountains. They also and (3) how vegetation and fuel loads have changed in response to fire exclusion. Lacking such a scientific basis, prescribed burning efforts may . The contribution of the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory to developing and understanding of long-term () changes in managed and unmanaged forests: Elliott, Katherine J.; Vose, James: Short-term effects of prescribed fire on mixed oak forests in the southern Appalachians: vegetation response: Elliott, Katherine; Vose, James:


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Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians by Thomas M. Schuler Download PDF EPUB FB2

Pre- and post-treatment seed-bank characteristics of woody species were compared after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians. Nineteen woody species were identified from soil samples.

Mean species richness declined but evenness did not after prescribed burning. The seed bank was dominated by black birch, yellow-poplar, blackberry, grapevine and Cited by: Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians.

Prescribed fire can reduce the supply of viable seed of oak competitors such as black birch (Betula lenta L.), yellow-poplar, red maple, and grapevines (Vitis spp.) that occur in the seedbank, but. Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians 1 online resource (9 p.) (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Thomas M Schuler; United States.

Forest Service. Northern Research Station. Pre- and post-treatment seed-bank characteristics of woody species were compared after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians. Nineteen woody species were identified from soil samples.

Mean species richness declined but evenness did not after prescribed burning. We compared pre- and post-treatment seed bank characteristics of woody species after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians.

Nineteen. This study characterizes the seed bank prior to and immediately following dormant-season prescribed fire in mature, mixed-Quercus spp. (oak) forests in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Thirty samples from the litter/duff (LD) and the top 5 cm of the mineral soil (MS) were collected from five 5-ha burn units (6 plots per experimental unit) before and immediately after.

ligible effects of a once-applied, low-intensity prescribed fire on the buried seed bank, the effects of a low-intensity prescribed fire management regime - one that involves repeated low intensity burns - on the buried seed bank are unknown and should be a focus of fu-ture studies across mixed-oak forests in the eastern US.

Introduction. Tara L. Keyser, Tracy Roof, Jacquelyne L. Adams, Dean Simon and Gordon Warburton, Effects of Prescribed Fire on the Buried Seed Bank in Mixed-Hardwood Forests of the Southern Appalachian Mountains, Southeastern Naturalist, 11, 4, (), ().

Thirty samples from the litter/duff (LD) and the top 5 cm of the mineral soil (MS) were collected from five 5-ha burn units (6 plots per experimental unit) before and immediately after low-intensity prescribed fires, where maximum fire temperatures varied from 79 to °C.

In a seed-bank study, viable P. rigida seeds were not present in pre-burn litter or mineral soil (Major, ), indicating that cones had opened and deposited viable seeds after the fire.

However, most of these new germinants were not able to survive through the first year. Introduction. Coincident with post-Pleistocene climate change and use of fire by native Americans, oak (Quercus)-dominated forests have been present throughout eastern North America for the p+ years (Delcourt et al., ).In the central Appalachians, decades of fire suppression and other ecological factors have favored the establishment of shade-tolerant species with a.

Seed bank response to prescribed fire in the central Appalachians / Pre- and post-treatment seed-bank characteristics of woody species were compared after two prescribed fires in a mesic mixed-oak forest in the central Appalachians. Nineteen woody species were identified from soil samples.

ligible effects of a once-applied, low-intensity prescribed fire on the buried seed bank, the effects of a low-intensity prescribed fire management regime—one that involves repeated low intensity burns—on the buried seed bank are unknown and should be a focus of fu-ture studies across mixed-oak forests in the eastern US.

Introduction. This study characterizes the seed bank prior to and immediately following dormant-season prescribed fire in mature, mixed-Quercus spp. (oak) forests in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Thirty samples from the litter/duff (LD) and the top 5 cm of the mineral soil (MS) were collected from five 5-ha burn units (6 plots per experimental unit) before and immediately after low-intensity.

Table 1. Brief site descriptions of prescribed fire studies in the southern Appalachians. Site/study name Fire Rx Community Burn Timing Area (ha) Jacobs Branch (Knoepp & Swank ) Stand replacement/ Fell and burn Mid-elevation pine/hardwood High intensity, moderate severity September, 6 Wine Spring (Vose et al.

) Simulated wildfire. Compositional, cover, and diversity changes after prescribed fire in a mature eastern white pine forest. James E. Cook, a Nicholas Jensen, a Betsy Galbraith a. a College of Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin – Stevens Point, Stevens Point WIUSA.

Fire Learning Network Notes from the Field Central Appalachians FLN Year in Review Inpartners in the Central Appalachians FLN made meaningful strides in relationship and capacity building, supported a wealth of shared learning, and treated the Central Appalachians landscape with more t acres of controlled burning.

We are also studying the effects of prescribed fire on the seed bank, small mammals, weevils that destroy oak acorns, reptiles and amphibians, as well as other resources when opportunities arise.

In this study, prescribed fire is part of a silvicultural system in which the value of timber products is important. A prescribed fire in a central Appalachian mixed hardwood stand caused considerable damage to the butt logs of many overstory trees. Although there were increases in the abundance and distribution of several species of hardwoods, advanced red and chestnut oaks were poorly distributed 5-years after burning.

An abundance of striped maple and other shrubs in the understory poses. Prescribed fire and thinning are commonly employed management practices in mixed-oak forests of the central Appalachians.

The effects of these practices on the soil seed bank are important to consider in order to evaluate the full impact of these treatments on plant community dynamics in the understory.

Species composition of the soil seed bank was examined under three treatments: thin, burn.To restore and manage fire-adapted forest communities in the central Appalachians, land managers are now prioritizing use of prescribed fire.

However, it is unclear how the bat community will respond the re-introduction of fire assemblages after long periods of fire suppression and mesophytic closed canopy forest development.partners in the Central Appalachians FLN have built enduring, productive working relationships and demonstrated the synergistic effect this level of collabora-tion can have in restoring the role of fire to an ecologically meaningful scale.

The accomplishments of —which inclu acres of prescribed fire.